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India Poised To Meet SDG 2030 Targets Of Child Mortality: Mandaviya

The Ministry reported that the Under 5 Mortality Rate (U5MR) for the country has declined 3 points as the mortality declined from 35 per 1000 live births in 2019 to 32 per 1000 live births in 2020, varying from 36 in rural areas to 21 in urban areas

Photo Credit : Courtesy: Mansukh Mandaviya's Twitter @mansukhmandviya

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As per the Sample Registration System (SRS) Statistical Report 2020 released on 22nd September 2022 by Registrar General of India , the country has been witnessing a progressive reduction in IMR, U5MR and NMR since 2014 towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals targets by 2030, the Health Ministry said in a notification.

The Ministry reported that the Under 5 Mortality Rate (U5MR) for the country has declined 3 points as the mortality declined from 35 per 1000 live births in 2019 to 32 per 1000 live births in 2020,  varying from 36 in rural areas to 21 in urban areas. However, the female mortality rate in the age group was reported to be higher than that of males at 33 compared to 32 of males per thousand live births. Although both genders have seen a decline in corresponding period, i.e 4 points in male and 3 points in female. Highest decline of U5MR is observed in the State of Uttar Pradesh (5 points) and Karnataka (5 points).

Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) has also registered a 2-point decline to 28 per 1000 live births in 2020 from 30 per 1000 live births in 2019 an Annual Decline Rate: 6.7 per cent. The Rural-Urban difference has narrowed to 12 points with the Urban rate at 19 and Rural at 31.No gender differential has been observed in IMR in 2020, the Ministry has informed.

Neonatal Mortality Rate has also declined by 2 points from 22 per 1000 live births in 2019 to 20 per 1000 live births in 2020 Annual Decline Rate: 9.1 per cent. It ranges from 12 in urban areas to 23 in rural areas.

The Ministry noted that six States and UTs have already attained UN SDG target of NMR of less than 12 deaths per 1000 live births by 2030 which include Kerala (4), Delhi (9), Tamil Nadu (9), Maharashtra (11), Jammu & Kashmir (12) and Punjab (12).

And eleven States and UTs which have already attained UN SDGs target of U5MR of less than 25 deaths per thousand live births by 2030, subsume Kerala (8), Tamil Nadu (13), Delhi (14), Maharashtra (18), J&K (17), Karnataka (21), Punjab (22), West Bengal (22), Telangana (23), Gujarat (24), and Himachal Pradesh (24).

Union Health and Family Welfare Minister, Dr Mansukh Mandaviya congratulated the nation on this achievement and thanked all health workers, caregivers and community members for relentlessly working towards reducing child mortality. “There has been sustained decline since 2014, as revealed by SRS 2020. India is poised to meet 2030 SDG targets of child mortality under leadership of Hon. Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi with focused interventions, strong Centre-State partnership and dedication of all health workers”, he stated.