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How’s NIXI Helping Us To Build India’s Internet Ecosystem Bigger?
In line with our Honourable Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Digital India vision to connect every Indian with an open, safe, trusted, and accountable internet, NIXI is now expanding its footprint in India by launching more and more Internet Exchange Points across the nation.
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In line with our Honourable Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Digital India vision to connect every Indian with an open, safe, trusted, and accountable internet, NIXI is now expanding its footprint in India by launching more and more Internet Exchange Points across the nation. The launch of these internet exchanges is contributing to the enhancement and improvement of Internet and Broadband services at the local level and in neighbouring regions. The internet service providers connecting at these points will benefit as their broadband services to their end users will improve, bringing about a change in the lives of the people.
These IXPs benefit every sector in our country ranging from health, education, agriculture, startup, and ecosystem to MSMEs & other business verticals. Accessibility and convenience increase for citizens in terms of availing government benefits and improving quality of life. In recent times, NIXI has launched Internet Exchanges in West Bengal, Agartala, and Uttar Pradesh. One needs to note here that NIXI has successfully established 38 Internet Exchange Points to date with a prominent presence across Tier 1 and Tier 2 cities like Srinagar, Haldwani, Dehradun, Delhi, Noida, Gurgaon, Rajasthan, Gujarat, etc. The aim is to have 75 exchanges by end of this year so that the government can ensure the penetration of the internet at a deeper level.
What is an IXP?
An Internet Exchange Point (IXP) is a network facility that enables the interconnection and exchange of Internet traffic between more than two independent network Autonomous Systems.
Simple it’s a physical infrastructure where ISP(Internet Service Provider), CDN(Content Delivery Networks), OTT(Over The TOP), Academia, data centres etc. networks peer among themselves and exchanges traffic or data with each other This, in turn, shortens the Internet path and thereby reduces latency, improving round-trip time and potentially reducing costs.
Why is IXP required?
It is a physical network or an access point through which major network providers connect their networks and exchange traffic. The main objective of an exchange point is to facilitate network interconnection through an exchange access point instead of third-party service provider networks. Internet exchange points were created to minimise the part of an Internet service provider’s (ISP) network traffic that had to go through an upstream provider. IXPs provide a common place for ISPs to exchange their Internet traffic between autonomous network systems.
How ISPs benefit from IXP?
IXPs are vital in the current digital system to bring faster and more affordable internet to people.
a). As IXP ensures local traffic is local and users receive local content with less local cost connections rather than expensive international links.
b). IXP allows internet traffic to be redirected when there is a connectivity issue in the network. For example, when there is a breakdown in international connectivity an IXP keeps local traffic flowing within the country.
c). Provides more direct network connections which improve the quality of access of local users. Access speeds for local content improve in presence of an IXP because traffic is routed more directly.
IXPs provide important benefits like lowering Internet-access costs for end users by decreasing Internet service provider (ISP) operating costs and making Internet access more affordable for a greater number of local Internet users. IXPs play an essential role in reducing the cost of transit connections over the Internet. ISPs can deliver low-cost internet access to end users in a competitive market with the help of NIXI peering. They get more than 20% of traffic apart from their direct peering with multiple content players. Due to this their internet link requirement can go below 10% of total bandwidth.
To improve the overall Indian internet ecosystem and give internet users access to it at a low cost with improved speed, NIXI plans to install such internet exchanges in Tier-2 and Tier-3 cities shortly. All Internet Service Providers are invited by NIXI to establish peering at any of its nodes and support the domestic Internet ecosystem. Taking Digital opportunities to tier 2/3 cities is an article of faith for the Narendra Modi Government.
NIXI eventually aims to connect Academic Universities, Hospitals, Financial Institutions, centres and State Govt Data Centres together and build a data superhighway so that they can contribute to our digital economy. This will in turn make India's internet resilient and self-sufficient.
NIXI is a not-for-profit Organisation under section 8 of the Companies Act 2013 and was registered on 19th June 2003. The NIXI recently celebrated its 19th Foundation Day. For the last 19 years, NIXI has been contributing to Indian Internet Ecosystem. NIXI, the first Internet Exchange in the country facilitates peering of ISPs among themselves to route the domestic traffic within the country, instead of taking it to the US/Abroad, thereby resulting in a better quality of service and reduced bandwidth charges for ISPs by saving international currency on International Bandwidth. NIXI is also the .IN Registry managing India’s country code top-level domain (ccTLD) - .IN. NIXI also manages the National Internet Registry of the country delegating Internet Protocol addresses (IPv4 and IPv6) and Autonomous System numbers to the Indian Affiliates.