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All You Need To Know About China-Taiwan Conflict
China has halted talks with the US on climate change, military issues, work against drug abuse in retaliation for Pelosi's visit to Taiwan
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The decades old confrontation between China and Taiwan is once again on the surface. The world is interpreting about a war between the nations that will include powers like USA and Russia.
On the one hand, China says that it will bring Taiwan under its control, on the other hand Taiwan's President Tsai Ing-wen has openly said that the future of Taiwan cannot be decided by China. China believes that Taiwan is a scattered province of its own, which will be reunited sometime or the other.
History of China-Taiwan Conflict
China and Taiwan have a long history. In the year 239, an emperor of China sent his troops to Taiwan. During that time Taiwan is mentioned for the first time as part of China. Even at present, China uses this fact for its claim on Taiwan. During the colonial period, Taiwan had been a Dutch colony for some time. After this it was ruled by the Qing Dynasty of China from 1683 to 1895.
After its defeat by Japan in 1895, the Qing government gave control of Taiwan to Japan. After this, Japan remained in control for the next few decades. Japan surrendered in World War II. After this, China again took control of Taiwan with the consent of America and Britain.
How did it change to Civil War?
In the next few years, civil war broke out in China. Ruler Chiang Kai-shek's army was defeated by Mao Zedang's communist army. Chiang and his allies from the Kuomintang (KMT) government fled to Taiwan in 1949. He dominated the politics of Taiwan for the next several years. Later, President Lee Teng-hui, who is called the father of democracy in Taiwan, made constitutional changes and in 2000, for the first time, the way to be elected outside the KMT party opened the way and Chen Shui-bian became the president.
China's concern increased after Chen Shui-bian became president. Chen had openly advocated independence. He won the election again in 2004. After this China passed the alleged anti-secession law. Under this, he talked about adopting a military route to stop any attempt to separate from China in Taiwan. In 2008, Mae Yeung-jo lobbied for improving relations with China through economic agreements. The next few years saw less confrontation between China and Taiwan.
In 2016, the President of Taiwan, Tsai Ing-wen, won the election for the first time. She is the leader of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), which is officially in favor of Taiwan's independence. He also spoke to US President Donald Trump in 2016. Since 1979, official relations between Taiwan and the United States have been ending. The talks between the US and Taiwan again increased China's concern. The US assured Taiwan of arms supplies. Tsai's re-win in 2020 added to the difficulties for China.
China may not accept it, but Taiwan fulfills the conditions of an independent nation. It has its own constitution, a democratically elected leader and an armed force of about three lakh men. Taiwan's military is ranked 22nd in the list of 140 countries in 2021. Taiwan's military power has been strengthened with the help of America.
While China is claiming Taiwan to be a part of it, USA showed its support to Taiwan. This got China furious, and constant warning was given to USA regarding its support. Amid this US Parliament Speaker Nacncy Pelosi made her visit to Taiwan even after China's threat.
Nancy Pelosi said in Tokyo, China wants to isolate Taiwan. But we don't allow it. "China cannot stop me from traveling to Taiwan," she said. It won't schedule my itinerary.
Now China, provoked by US Parliament Speaker Nancy Pelosi's visit to Taiwan, is becoming aggressive. It began exercises on Thursday for the siege of Taiwan. After this news came that China fired five missiles, which fell into Japan's EZ. Japan has strongly opposed this. At the same time, 22 Chinese aircraft once again entered Taiwan's air defense zone. In the midst of all this, Nancy Pelosi reached Tokyo, the capital of Japan.
Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said during a routine briefing on Friday that the recent statements by Japanese officials on the current tensions in the Taiwan Strait are an attempt to justify mistakes.
China has halted talks with the US on climate change, military issues, work against drug abuse in retaliation for Pelosi's visit to Taiwan.