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BW Businessworld

Reshaping Education Industry

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Although the definition of education will not change, the ideas of education and being educated have transformed over the centuries. In these times, professional knowledge or industry based specialisations have become a sheer necessity for survival of in the employment market. Traditional education is not outdated, but time has arrived to harmonise them with these transforming requirements. In a country such as India where demographics features the unique specs such as, a burgeoning population of 1.27 billion, 17.5 per cent of the global population and more than 50 per cent of total population below the age of 25, mass education certainly requires a more accommodative definition.

According to International Labor Organisation, by 2020, the country will be empowered with 116 million workers between the age group of 20 to 24, whereas, China would have 94 million. To hone this massive human resource, India would require to move out from the current dilemmatic structure of education, where, chiefs of giants such as Infosys, had to utter, there is lack of talents in India, despite of the surging number of graduates and proprietors of bulky certificates.

It is quite convincing that there is a certain rift between imparted education and the requisite. If the current education system cannot induce necessary skills in students to intensify their employability, the system must be re- modeled on the line of industry requirements. Education in India must be aligned to fit into the demands and requirements of the major sectors of employment. Emphasizing on skill development right from the early ages will bring a breakthrough. This, Of course will require time and intensive investment in this sector. Only a quick implementation of new strategies and a revised blueprint will bring around the change in appropriate time. The pattern of school education should be reformed by introducing intensive employment oriented curriculum. This should emphases on skill development right from the early days, side by side, with basic education.

Skill industry in India is still in a dormant state. While a number of private initiatives are being initiated, compared to its requirement, such attempts are by far left behind to make an impact in the scene. Many non-governmental organizations too have taken initiatives to develop the skill segment collaborating with government initiatives such as the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC). The skill development sector in the country is now susceptible to ventures supporting the segment financially, while, the actual need being support and direct involvement in the process. New entrepreneurs and initiatives must be encouraged to come forward with comprehensive planning and support oriented objectives. Government should develop more undertakings such as NSDC. It is reported that, NSDC and its partners have trained around 8, 00,000 people in various sectors of industry across the country, with a 60% placement rate.  It is planning to train 1 million people in the current year.

The prevalent structure in India for Skill development should implement the methods adopted in developed countries such as Germany, UK, Japan and so on. The best practices that are proved to be successful should be adopted improving the current structure. Innovative programs facilitating cross learning platforms, research and development must be implemented in India. There is an intrinsic collaboration between the government, training companies and competent bodies such as the chamber of commerce, Industry and business. Such implementation is successful to spread even employment skills among the diversified youth population in these countries. Consistent evaluations techniques are implemented and supervised by competent authorities to access the quality as well as results of these initiatives. In German a dual system of “Facts and Figures” is followed. It is business driven and industry oriented. Such structures should be followed in India as well, to be effective in the current scenario.

Implementation of technology will provide a competent platform for skill development. Since technology has become pervasive in every sector, education is sure to benefit from this. Mobile learning is a great advantage, which would provide a comprehensive solution reaching out to places and people in remote areas. Internet is accessible in any region with communication network. This can be integrated to the learning infrastructure aided by mobile devices. New applications can be developed that will provide learning materials. Online portals and tools can be introduced to make learning easily accessible to masses. The private sector can play a crucial part in integrating technology to skill development. Since, private sectors have the flexibility to work on multifarious domains; they can integrate these facets to the mainstream trends of skill development.

The major players in this industry need to propel dynamism in their plans and promote the skill development sector in India to be more efficient. The gap in imparted education or training and the industry level requirements can be filled through comprehensive analysis of our shortcomings and addressing them with effective implementations. This sector itself will generate huge employment opportunities. As urban India is by far developed than rural India, the spotlight for skills development should be shifted from such hubs to the remote regions of the nation. Emphases on rural enterprises will prove to be more returning in supporting even distribution of skill throughout the nation.

Chhagani is CEO, Rise India Group

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