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Maharashtra Metro: Enhancing Connectivity with high-end Technology
“One of the most crucial feature is that the project will meet 65% of its energy requirement from solar. We have installed PV solar panels atop our stations and offices and process is on to cover all our buildings. Bio-digesters have been installed in all our stations for recycling waste water. We are using Five Dimensional Building Information Modelling (5D BIM) for fast execution of the project”, ascertained Dr. Brijesh Dixit, Managing Director, Maharashtra Metro Rail Corporation Limited in a conversation with BW Businessworld.
Photo Credit :
Excerpts as under:
Would you appraise us of the ongoing projects happening under Maharashtra Metro Rail Corporation?
While the Nagpur Metro Rail Project is on the verge of completion and work on the Navi Mumbai project has started, a number of projects are in the pipeline waiting clearance of government agencies. While Nagpur Metro Rail Project Phase I is almost over, Phase II awaits sanction from the Union Government. Maha Metro exemplary record has ensured that it has been assigned with many important tasks Metro Neo Rail Project for Nashik, Broad Gauge Metro Project and preparing Detail Project Report (DPR) for Ring Metro Project at Thane. Following is the summary of the ongoing and upcoming projects:
Name of Project
Nagpur Metro Phase-I
Length :- 38.215Km,
No of Stations : 38 Nos,
Project Cost : ₹ 8680 Cr
Physical Progress as on 31 July 2021 : 94.75%
Financial Progress as on 31 July 2021 : 94.28%
Present Status: 25 km commissioned out of 38.215km remaining 13.22 km length will be commissioned by Dec-2021. Of the total 38, as many as 22 stations have been commissioned.
Navi Mumbai Metro Rail Project (Ongoing)
City and Industrial Development Corporation (CIDCO), the agency in-charge of Navi Mumbai Metro project, has appointed Maharashtra Metro Rail Corporation Limited (Maha Metro) for running services on Line 1 of the project for a period of 10 years. Maha Metro is already executing the balance work of this line.
CIDCO in February 2021 had entered into an agreement with Maha Metro for completing the balance work of Navi Mumbai Metro Line 1. This line is from Belapur to Pendhar and consists of 11 stations, 11 km track, a depot for maintenance at Taloja and two traction sub-stations at Panchanand and Kharghar. Work on this line is going on at full swing and is expected to be complete in 2022.
Nagpur Metro Phase-II (Proposed)
Length - 43.80 Km ,
No of Stations - 32,
Project Cost - 6708 Crores,
Present Status - Project has been approved by PIB on 24 March 2021. The remarks on PIB clarification have been submitted by GOM to MoHUA on 14 May 2021. Sanction letter is awaited.
BG Metro Rail Project (Proposed)
Maha Metro has proposed to run Broad Gauge Metro Trains on Indian Railway Network (IR) as a feeder services to Nagpur Metro Rail Project. MoU between Maha-Metro, GoM and Indian Railway was signed on 16 July 2018. DPR for the project has been prepared, and approved by GoM on Nov-2020, sanction of DPR from GoI is in progress. Estimated project cost works out to Rs. 333.6 Crores. Sections identified for BG Metro services are: (i) Nagpur-Wardha (ii) Nagpur - Narkhed (iii) Nagpur- Bhandara & (iv) Nagpur- Ramtek.
Nashik Metro Neo Project (Proposed)
Length - 33 Km,
No of stations - 30,
Project Cost – 2092.22 Crores,
Present Status - Project has been approved by PIB on 24 March 2021. The final remarks have been submitted to MoHUA on 14 May 2021. Sanction letter is awaited.
Thane Internal Ring Metro Project (Proposed)
Length - 28.8 Km (26Km elevated + 2.8Km UG),
No of Stations - 18 (16 Elevated + 2 UG),
Project Cost – 10412.61 Crores,
Present Status - Clarifications sought from GoM. Reply of GoM awaited.
Technology innovation has been playing a crucial role in determining the state of the art amenities and their affectivity. What modern technologies are getting implemented under the metro rail projects in Nagpur?
Maha Metro has undertaken a number of steps and introduced a number of innovations while implementing the project. Some of the innovations have been introduced for the first time pan-India. Some of the unique aspects of modern technology have been listed below:
Puzzle parking (fully automated system that enable horizontal and vertical movement of parking spots to park and retrieve cars) adopted at Futala.
Spherical bearings having more life span, being used in special Railway Crossing bridges at Gaddigodam and Anand Talkies.
Mass Spring System (MSS) Floating Track Slab at Zero Mile Station for Vibration Mitigation.
The Zero Mile station is a Multi Storied Commercial Building. The building has multi level underground parking with a concourse level below the Platform level. There is also planning for Hotel rooms and guest rooms at various floor levels above platform level. As the track structure is passing through the building structure at Zero Mile station, vibrations generated from the train wheels rolling on the tracks are directly transmitted to the building structure.
As per the recommended criteria, the maximum vibration level allowed for luxury guesthouse is 69 VdB. To mitigate the high levels of vibrations generated, the track structure at Zero Mile station has been specially designed as a Floating slab (30 mm above Station slab) supported on 176 Nos. Chrome alloyed Steel Spring system isolators. This can achieve vibration mitigation of about 25VdB.This type of Floating Track Slab on Viaduct has been executed for the 1st Time in Indian Metro Railway System.
What are the prime challenges that you faced while bringing this major transportation overhaul within the DNA of your city? How have you mitigated these challenges?
Maha Metro has faced a number of challenges while executing the Nagpur Metro Rail Project. The challenges have been multifarious but have been effectively solved by the organization with the firm determination of the Maha Metro officials and coupled with the help offered by the local government. The primary challenge in all the Metro projects across the country is to manage the road traffic. As the project work has to be executed on roads which are essentially heavy on traffic density, vehicle movement and traffic management has been a major challenge. However, Maha Metro did not just overcome these challenges but has an accident ratio of almost zero.
Double decker carrying 4 lane NHAI and metro is being constructed in two stretches of 3.4 km and 5.33 km. Also, a double decker carrying 6 lane NHAI stretch of 1 km with branching off to a 2-lane flyover perpendicular to alignment, is being constructed.
An 80 m span Through Truss Girder, as a part of double decker viaduct carrying 4-lane NHAI traffic at lower chord level and metro rail traffic at top chord level, is proposed across existing Indian Railway line which already has an RUB, making four level traffic movement, near Gaddigodam. The proposed double decker railway crossing will enable road traffic at ground level, Indian Railway movement at next level, 4 lane road traffic at third level and metro traffic at fourth level at the intersection.
Maha Metro encountered almost the same problems alike the one faced at four layer transport system at Gaddigoam, mentioned above. Apart from managing traffic and vehicular movement, getting block from railway has been a major challenge, given ever busy railway lines on which the work has to be executed.
Will you share with us of the finance model for completion of the metro projects in your cities? To what extent is the city metro administration leveraging PPP model for further implementation?
Maha Metro projects have been funded by government agencies, local self-government bodies, and external funding organizations. The government agencies include union and state governments, local self-government incorporates the municipal corporation of the concerned city. Development banks based in France and Germany have offered soft loan to Maha Metro for implementations of its project. Following is the Funding Pattern of Nagpur Metro Phase-I:
With Taxes & Duties
Equity by GOI
Equity by GOM
SD by GOM to central Taxes (50%)
SD by GOI for Central Taxes (50%)
SD by GOM to StateTaxes
SD by GOM for Land
Nagpur Improvement Trust Contribution
Nagpur Municipal Corporation Contribution
JICA Loan @ 1.40% PA/Market Borrowing
However, some of the works are done on a PPP basis, which are as follows:
- AFC (Automatic Fare Collection)
- Solar Power Generation: Nagpur Metro has focused on solar power generation on PPP right from inception to meet 65 % of total energy requirements.
- Real Estate Redevelopment at Metro Stations: Maha-Metro is planning to give Large Land Parcels (Stand Alone Plot) available at Dhantoli / Zero Mile / Kasturchand Park on long term lease, on Public Private Partnership (PPP), which is expected to generate Non-Fare Box Revenue in the form of Fixed Upfront Premium and Annual Concession Fee.
- Maha-Metro already awarded the tender for Development of Parking and Commercial on land adjacent to Airport Metro Station on PPP.
Is the ongoing metro project in your city leveraging job scenario in the region? What kind of efforts are being made for enhancing skill development among young crowd who are working in this domain?
Apart from executing Metro rail project in Nagpur and Pune Maha Metro, has also added to the existing employment potential in these two cities. The projects in the twin cities has given jobs and provided direct employment opportunities to around 2,000 people. This apart, the companies engaged by the organization has also provided jobs to the local populace. But that’s not all. Maha Metro has sought howe services of about 300 companies which have directly or indirectly helped in boosting employment to a great extent. Added to this is the fact that many students from local colleges, especially engineering institutions, have been part of internship project at Maha Metro. Thus Maha Mater has not just contributed in terms of providing employment, but also provided academic opportunities to the student fraternity of the two cities.