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Japan Earmarks First $50 Bn For Rebuilding
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"With this budget, we are taking one step forward towards reconstruction ... and towards restarting the economy," Finance Minister Yoshihiko Noda told reporters after a cabinet meeting.
Financing the next packages will be much tougher, as they are likely to involve a mix of taxes and borrowing, which could strain Japan's debt-laden economy.
If Prime Minister Naoto Kan, weakened by poor approval ratings and near-constant criticism, cannot steer those laws through parliament, he may be forced to step down, analysts say.
The magnitude 9.0 earthquake and 15-metre (50-ft) tsunami that followed caused Japan's gravest crisis since World War Two, killing up to 28,000 people and destroying tens of thousands of homes.
It also smashed a nuclear power plant which began leaking radiation, a situation the plant's operator says could take all year to bring under control.
The budget will be submitted to parliament next week and is expected to be enacted in May.
Prime Minister Kan, who has been accused by opposition politicians, his own party and quake survivors of failing to take command of the country's response to the triple disaster, has said the need to rebuild is an opportunity for national "rebirth".
A Jiji news agency opinion poll showed Kan's support rate stood at 20.5 per cent, up a scant 1.6 points from the previous month, with more than three out of four voters saying he had exercised little or no leadership over the nuclear crisis. About 57 per cent said they were supportive of a tax rise to finance reconstruction compared with 38.6 per cent who were not.
In a Reuters poll of retail investors released on Friday, 83 per cent of those surveyed said they disapproved or strongly disapproved of the administration's handling of the crisis.
As well as trying to rebuild the ruined northeast of the country, Japan also has to contend with the world's worst nuclear crisis since the 1986 Chernobyl disaster, the wrecking of the Fukushima Daiichi plant, 240 km (150 miles) from Tokyo.
Radiation spilled out from the facility after a hydrogen explosion, and in their battle to cool melting fuel rods, engineers pumped radioactive water into the Pacific, a move that worried Japan's neighbours about the spread of contamination.
Masataka Shimizu, the much-criticised president of facility operator Tokyo Electric Power (TEPCO), visited an evacuation centre for the first time since the disaster struck, kneeling and bowing deeply to the evacuees.
"I want to work hard so that you can go home," he said. Mostly subdued evacuees pleaded with him to bring the crisis to an end so they could return to their homes. "I want you to act as if it had happened to your own family," said one man.
Earlier, dressed in blue work clothes, Shimizu apologised in person to Fukushima's local governor Yuhei Sato .
"I apologise from the bottom of my heart for the great trouble caused to many people in society," he said.
Shimizu's company has been accused of downplaying the dangers and ignoring warnings about the risk of a quake and tsunami striking the plant, as well as reacting poorly to the damage.
Japan said this week it would ban anyone entering a 20-km (12-mile) evacuation zone around Fukushima Daiichi.
Kan has instructed residents in some areas outside that zone to leave in order to avoid radiation, Japan's top government spokesman Yukio Edano said on Friday, but it was unclear how many people this will affect.
"We don't have the number. We will be working with local authorities in compiling this data," an official with Japan's Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency said.