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BW Businessworld

How Should India React To Coup In Sudan?

Sudanese Sovereign Council was overthrown by the military on Monday, declaring al-Burhan as the head till the 2023 elections. PM Hamdok was also detained.

Photo Credit : Pixabay


Sudan descended into crisis after the military, on Monday, dissolved the transition government and declared a state of emergency in the country. General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, Head of Sudan’s armed forces, became the head of the country after detaining the Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok.

The military coup has brought the fight of the Sudanese people, to bring democracy to zero. The former autocratic President Omar al-Bashir was ousted from power in 2019 after a long series of demonstrations. Bashir ruled the country for 30 years.

Talking to BW Businessworld, Rajen Harshe, Former Visiting Professor at South Asian University said, “India will have to make all the strategic calculations in the Red Sea area. Because this is one place where you connect yourself to the Mediterranean Sea and the Suez Canal. It is also connected to the Indian Ocean. Our strategic investments are the primary concern at this juncture.”  

What happened in 2019?

In 2019, Omar al-Bashir was ousted and the military assumed control to oversee the transition process. It formed the Transitional Military Council.

But after criticism from the civilians, the military agreed to form a Sovereign Council that would consist of both military and civilian leaders. The Sovereign Council was supposed to dissolve once a democratically formed government was elected by the end of 2023.

In October 2021, however, the military decided to dissolve the Sovereign Council and take the power into its own hands.

‘India should wait and watch’

Harshe said, “India has been diversifying its energy sources all the time because relying just on countries Saudi Arabia, Iran and Iraq is not good for India. India has also cultivated Angola, Nigeria and Sudan.”

Iraq is the largest supplier of oil to India. Nigeria, lately, has become the third-largest supplier after the USA. India, on the other hand, undertakes major capacity-building projects in the area. India has also been regularly supplying food grains to Sudan.

“We have to keep the interest of India in the middle and take the next steps. Capacity building and food supplies must go on,” Harshe continued, “Just the way India is waiting and watching the situation is Afghanistan, India will have to wait and watch the situation in Sudan.”

In Afghanistan, India has not yet recognised the Taliban government. But it has conducted a series of meetings with the officials of the Taliban government, including the recent ‘Moscow format’.

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sudan military coup foreign policy