Government Sets National Goal Of 300 Million Ton Milk Production By 2024
India ranks first in milk production, achieving an annual output of 155.48 million tons during 2015-16 accounting for 19 per cent of world production, said Ministry of Agriculture in a statement
Photo Credit : Shutterstock
Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare has set target for 100 million artificial insemination for 2017-18. A national goal of 300 million ton milk production by 2023-24 has been kept along with increasing the productivity of 40.77 million breedable Indigenous non-descript cows from 2.15 Kg per day to 5.00 Kg per day during the same period.
India ranks first in milk production, achieving an annual output of 155.48 million tons during 2015-16 accounting for 19 per cent of world production, said Ministry of Agriculture in a statement.
India has a bovine population of 300 million as per 19th Livestock census 2012. Out of 190 million cattle population, 20 per cent are exotic and crossbreds (39 million) and about 80 per cent belonging to indigenous and non-descript breeds.
While India accounts for more than 18 per cent of the world population, the normal Indian cow with the poor farmer barely gives 1 to 2 litres per day. Thus 80 per cent of the cow population gives only 20 per cent of cow milk.
Though India maintains its top ranking in milk production, on the flip side, about 80 per cent Cattle belonging to Indigenous and non-descript breeds are low yielders whose productivity needs to be improved by adopting appropriate breeding techniques.
Key strategy for increasing productivity is through artificial insemination as it plays a vital role in improving the productivity of Bovines by upgrading their genetic potential thereby enhancing the milk production and productivity in the country.
Though the breeding infrastructure has been strengthened substantially for the delivery of breeding inputs at farmers’ doorstep under these schemes, the artificial insemination coverage is still 26 per cent of the breedable population.