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BW Businessworld

Feb Inflation Accelerates To 6.84%

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India's headline inflation picked up in February on higher fuel costs but another measure of price pressures cooled, reinforcing hopes that the RBI will deliver a rate cut next week.
The wholesale price index (WPI), the main inflation indicator, rose an annual 6.84 per cent in February, higher than the 6.54 per cent rise estimated by analysts. Wholesale prices rose 6.62 per cent in January. But non-food manufacturing inflation, which the RBI uses to gauge demand-driven price pressures, slowed to 3.8 per cent in February from 4.1 per cent a month ago.

However, the expectations were dampened as RBI Governor D. Subbarao said inflation reading of above 6 per cent demands tightening of the monetary policy stance.
"Inflation above 6 per cent would justify, indeed demand, tightening of the monetary policy stance. It is this understanding that has informed our monetary policy stance," Subbarao said while delivering the fifth IG Patel memorial lecture at the London School of Economics.
"Monetary policy is inevitably the first line of defence to guard against inflation getting generalised through unhinged inflation expectations," the Governor said, adding he wants inflation to ideally be in the 4-6 per cent range.
"Though the headline number is still high, the break-up (detail) shows that inflation will continue to ease going ahead and along with the government's fiscal consolidation efforts, there is even more reason to expect RBI to cut rates in March and for some more time going ahead," said Rahul Bajoria, regional economist at Barclays Capital.
The annual reading for December was revised up to 7.31 per cent from 7.18 per cent, the government said in a release on Thursday.
The benchmark 10-year bond yield fell 4 basis points to 7.86 per cent after non-food manufacturing inflation for February came well below expectations, raising hopes the RBI would cut interest rates next week.
Expectations of a rate cut at the Reserve Bank of India's policy review on 19 March were further bolstered by Governor Duvvuri Subbarao's comments overnight that the 2013-14 federal budget unveiled last month will have a "softening impact" on price growth.
Bond traders read Subbarao's comments as an endorsement of the government's efforts to reduce its fiscal deficit, which he has previously said is a necessary condition to bring down borrowing costs.
The central bank, which has faced intense pressure from industry and government to loosen monetary conditions to help arrest the worst economic slowdown in a decade, cut its key lending rate by 25 basis points to 7.75 per cent in January after leaving rates on hold for nine months.
While the bank is widely expected to cut the interest rate by another 25 basis points at its upcoming policy review on 19 March, inflationary risks stemming from high food prices have tempered expectations for any aggressive monetary easing.
Higher prices of food items pushed up consumer price inflation to 10.91 per cent in February from 10.79 per cent a month ago, government data on Tuesday showed.
Slowing economic growth is equally a major worry for the Congress-led coalition government as it gears up for a general election due by May 2014.
Not only is the slowdown limiting employment opportunities for India's burgeoning population, it is also making it tougher for Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to fund his flagship welfare programmes.
Gross domestic product increased 4.5 per cent in the quarter to end-December and is on track to post its slowest gain in a decade at around 5 per cent for the fiscal year that ends in March.