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Economic Activities In Rural Regions Fared Better In Lockdown 2.0: Survey
According to recent SPI surveys conducted in mini-grid villages, 61% of the participants responded that availability of essential services this year were better than the lockdown in 2020.
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Smart Power India (SPI), a subsidiary of the Rockefeller Foundation, has released the results of their survey titled “SPI’s Survey of Mini-grid Villages May 2021”. The survey was carried out to assess the impact of COVID–19, with a sample size of 200 respondents across 48 villages in the states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. It was learnt that, while overall economic activity in mini-grid villages was less affected in 2021, the impact on education and healthcare infrastructure impact is much worse as compared to 2020. SPI is adopting the practice of conducting these surveys periodically to stay abreast of evolving issues the rural Indian consumer is dealing with, in the light of the pandemic.
According to recent SPI surveys conducted in mini-grid villages, 61% of the participants responded that availability of essential services this year were better than the lockdown in 2020. Family income also showed improvement as compared to the first lockdown as 29% of respondents expressed that 10 to 25% of their family income this year was impacted due to the lockdown due to better preparedness. Whereas around 1.6% of respondents faced no impact of the lockdown in their incomes.
This improvement in the family incomes in rural areas can be attributed to reliable access to electricity that has been consistent towards the rural communities amidst both the lockdowns in 2020 and 2021. 67% of the respondents of the survey have expressed their satisfaction with the quality and availability of reliable electricity from mini-grids .
Though India's economy reflected the signs of recovery after the first wave peaked in September 2020, this recovery wasn't consistent. Income, employment and health were still key concerns for rural communities. A recent report by CSE estimates that more than 230 million Indians fell below the national minimum wage due to the COVID-19 crisis. The loss of jobs, decrease in wages, and unavailability of the health infrastructure remains a concern, leaving rural masses unable to properly feed their families.
Many of those who had lost their jobs during the 2020 lockdown had found employment again but there was a fall in aggregate income - 90% due to lower earnings and the rest, due to job loss. As the second wave swept India, the nation reported 1,432,292 new COVID-19 cases and 24,914 deaths (as of June 20, 2021).
India is at the cusp of another deadly wave of the pandemic. With new variants of the virus entering our ecosystem, the upcoming wave is expected to be as deadly as the last. Pre-empting this situation, SPI is working to understand the ground realities and requirements for rural communities by building a resource bank, adapting from survey insights to understand the pain points and offering quick, locally relevant solutions.
Commenting on the third edition of the survey, Jaideep Mukherji, CEO, Smart Power India, said, “Through our consumer survey in 2021, we observed that education and health were severely impacted in rural communities due to the lockdown. The current survey revealed nearly 34% of rural students were coerced to discontinue online education due to lack of infrastructure. As the virus enters rural areas, it is bound to have an economic impact and this distress can't be captured immediately by aggregate GDP numbers; it will only show after a while. The focus now is on reviving the economy and ensuring that rural communities receive maximum possible help through organizations, government and individuals."
Based on our survey findings last year, we launched the Consumer Voucher scheme whereas this year, understanding the health emergency that rural communities are going through, we have partnered with three NGOs that are working on ground to provide medical assistance to the rural masses.” he added.