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Easing India’s Water Woes: On Our Own

Below mentioned are six tips that can be applied on the individual level to ensure safe-water availability for future generations.

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India is the third-largest exporter of groundwater, but by next year 21 of the metro cities will run out of water as per the report. Additionally, a recent report by Niti Aayog states that the majority of the Indian water resources will run dry by the year 2030. Although agriculture and industry account for a large portion of India's water consumption, residential usage is substantial 8 per cent. 

The situation becomes much graver when the general public fails to understand the benefits of water conservation, which can help India tackle its water woes. Hence, below- mentioned are six tips that can be applied on the individual level to ensure safe-water availability for future generations:

Making Use of Treated Water: India consumes only 8 per cent of its freshwater for domestic use, and rest is left to agricultural and industrial use. However, a major portion of domestic and industrial use can be met through secondary(treated) water. The treated water can be used for activities like flushing toilets and watering gardens which are traditionally done with freshwater, so switching to treated water can help us conserve close to seven thousand litres per household, annually. 

Reusing Water From The Laundry: Wastewater from washing clothes can be used for flushing, cleaning toilets and washing pavements. It can be collected by attaching the discharge hose to a container where we can store the water for further secondary uses. 

Finding And Fixing Leaks: The first step towards water conservation should begin at home by keeping a check on leaky faucets. One can easily find a leaky faucet in his/her home and fixing the same can help save 3000 litres of water, annually. 

Resorting To Rainwater Harvesting: Any talk on water conservation in India is incomplete without the mention of rainwater harvesting. Well, that’s true for all the right reasons because India receives optimum rainfall to recharge its water resources. Moreover, harvesting from the clouds is as simple as placing a container to collect the rainwater which can help an individual household save close 100 litres per monsoon season. 

Dry Vehicle Wash: A few Auto sector majors in India like Hyundai and Royal Enfield have come out with this initiative of switching their vehicle to the “Dry wash” system. It uses foam base water with high pressure to clean vehicles and has been shown to save 60 litres of water per vehicle. So next time you find your vehicle dirty, you know where you are headed. 

End to Singing Showers: Taking those long and lazy showers have been our favourite leisure activity for ages but this has taken a toll on clean water’s availability for future ages. During those long showers, we waste close to seven gallons of water per minute which is a matter of serious concern given we are running all-time low on groundwater level. Hence, one can switch to bucket bathing instead and help save close to 8,000 litres of water per household on an annual basis. 

To conclude, we can say that while the Indian Government works towards effectively implementing the policy framework to tackle the ongoing water crisis, we as an individual must also do our bit in this national mission to conserve and recharge our natural water resources. Thus, following the aforementioned tips, one can contribute immensely towards conserving “water” for future generations. 

Disclaimer: The views expressed in the article above are those of the authors' and do not necessarily represent or reflect the views of this publishing house. Unless otherwise noted, the author is writing in his/her personal capacity. They are not intended and should not be thought to represent official ideas, attitudes, or policies of any agency or institution.


Jatin Ahlawat

The author is Director of Pi-Lo Shudh Pani Seva Foundation

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