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Climate Talks Remain Deadlocked In Lima
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Crucial UN climate talks, already into extra time, on Sunday remained deadlocked as the developing countries rejected the compromise outline after the US and China clashed over the draft text of the envisioned global climate deal.
It appeared on Saturday night that the talks might even collapse.
Peruvian Environment Minister Manuel Pulgar Vidal, who is presiding over the talks, is currently meeting with the negotiators separately to discuss in detail their "red lines" and points of possible compromise on the draft text.
The negotiators from more than 190 countries, who have been in the Peruvian capital for about two weeks, have so far failed to reach a consensus on the formula of sharing the burden for cutting emissions, and who should pay.
Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar delivered India's statement, saying a "balanced approach" in the draft text was required to make sure polluting countries pay and not the poorest countries.
He said that what the like-minded developing countries, least developed countries and the Africa group are saying "must be appreciated" because they are all "speaking their heart".
Javadekar said India supports the genuine concerns of these groups. The country will cooperate with the COP presidency in order to sort out any issues "in a balanced manner", he added.
India stuck to the consistent position that all the elements of adaptation, mitigation, finance, technology, and capacity building should be included in the intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs).
In 1992, the Rio Earth Summit agreed to the stabilisation of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system.
The US warned that the failure in arriving at an agreement may doom the envisioned global pact to be signed in Paris next year.
Todd Stern, US Special Envoy on Climate Change said, "All we have achieved so far will be at risk, and all that we hope to achieve will be at risk as well... The text is not good but we are running out of time."
China sided with Malaysia and other developing countries that rejected the draft.
The EU and Singapore joined the US in supporting the new draft.
China said it supported the objections raised by the developing countries on the inadequately expressed concept of differentiation between the developed and developing countries in the draft text.
"The differences are very considerable, we have two points of view which are opposed," said China's Liu Zhenmin.
"We have deadlock," he told the conference.
The EU said the text is not congruent with what they wanted and some of the views are "weakly expressed" but accepted the draft text in an effort to move forward.
The talks, which were scheduled to end on Friday but ran into the 13th day as the standoff continued, aim to establish the draft text of a new agreement that will be adopted by all countries at the next major talks in Paris in 2015 and take effect by 2020.